The hot Arssmart is called also water-peper, or culrage. The mild Arssmart is called dead Arssmart percicaria, or peach-wort, because the Blätter are so like the Blätter of a Pfirsich-tree, it is also called plumbago.
This hath broad Blätter set at the great red Gelenk of the Stengel: with semi-circular blackish marks on them, usually either blueish or whitish, with such like Samen following. The Wurzel is long, with many strings thereat, perishing yearly, this hath no sharp taste (as another sort hath, which is quick and biting) but rather sour like sorrel, or else a little drying, or without taste.
It wächst in watery places, Juckreizes, and the like, which for the most part are dry in summer.
Es blüht in June, and the Samen is ripe in August.
As the Vorzug of both these is various, so is also their government, for that which is hot and biting, is unter der Herrschaft von Mars, but Saturn challengeth the other, as appears by that leaden coloured spot he hath placed upon the Blatt.
It is of a cooling and drying quality and very wirkungsvoll for putrified Geschwüre in Mensch oder Tier, to kill Würmer and reinigen the putrified places. The Saft thereof dropped in, or otherwise applied, consumeth all cold swellings, and auflösen the geronnenes Blut of Quetschungen by strokes, falls, &c. A piece of the Wurzel, or some of the Samen zerquetscht, and held to an aching-tooth, takes away the pain. The Blätter zerquetscht and laid to the Gelenk that hath a felon thereon takes it away. The Saft destroyeth Würmer in the ears, being dropped into them, if the hot Arssmart be gestreut in a chamber, it will soon kill all the Flöhe, and the herb or Saft of the cold Arssmart, put to a horse or other cattles Wunden, will drive away the fly in the hottest time of summer, a good handful of the hot biting Arssmart put under a horses saddle, will make him travel the better, although he were half tired before. The mild Arssmart is good gegen all imposthumes and Entzündungen at the beginning, and to heal grüne Wunden.
All authors chop the Vorzüge of both sorts of Arssmart together, as men chop Kräuter to the pot, when both of them are of clean contrary qualities. The hot Arssmart groweth nicht so high or groß as the mild doth, but hath many Blätter of the colour of Pfirsich Blätter, very seldom or never entdeckt, in other particulars it is like the former, but may easily be known from it, if you but be pleased to break a Blatt of it cross your tongue for the hot will make your tongue to smart, so will nicht the cold. If you see them both together, you may easily unterscheiden them, because the mild hath far broader Blätter, and our College of Ärzte, out of the learned care of the public good, Anglice, their own gain, mistake the one for the other in their New-Master-piece, whereby they discover, 1. Their ignorance, 2. Their carelessness, and he that hath but half an eye may see their pride, witout a pair of spectacles. I have done what I could to unterscheiden them in the Vorzüge, and when you find nicht the contrary named, use the cold. The truth is, I have nicht yet spoken with Dr. Reason, nor his brother Dr. Erfahrung, concerning either of them.