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Beta vulgaris

Of beets there are two sorts, which are best known generally, and whereof I shall principally treat at this time, viz . the white and red beets, and their Vorzüge.The common white beet hath many great Blätter next the ground, somewhat large, and of a whitish grün colour, the Stengel is great, strong, and ribbed, bearing great store of Blätter almost to the very top of it: the Blüten grow in very long tufts, small am Endes, and turning down their heads, which are small, pale grünish-yellow, burs, giving corned prickly Samen. The Wurzel is great, long, and hard, and when it hath given Samen, is of no use at all.
The common red-beet differeth nicht from the white, but only it is less, and the Blätter and the rots are somewhat red, the Blätter are differently red, in some only with red strakes or veins, some of a fresh red, and others of a dark red. The Wurzel hereof is red, spungy, and nicht used to be eaten.

The government of these two sorts of beet are far different, the red beet being under Saturn, and the white under Jupiter, therefore take the Vorzüge of them apart, each by itself. The white beet doth much loosen the Bauch, and is of a cleansing digesting quality, and fördert Harn: the juce of it openeth Behinderungen, both of the Leber and Milz, and is good for the head-ach and swimmings therein, and turnings of the brain, and is wirkungsvoll also gegen all giftiges creatures, and applied to the temples, stoppt Entzündungen in the eyes, it hilft Verbrennungen, being used without oil, and with a little alum put to it, is good for St. Anthonys fire. Beet is hot and dry, and loosens the Bauch by reason of its nitrosity. It is an errhine, especially the Wurzel, for the Saft of it received into the nostrils occasions sneeesing, the young Pflanzen, with their Wurzeln, gently gekocht and eaten with Essig, procure an appetite, extinguish thirst, and suppress choler in the Magen. Beet among the ancients was much noticed for its insipid taste, martial reproaches it in the following distich.
The Saft of this herb drawn up into the nostrils powerfully evacuates phlegmatic humours from the brain, and cures unverbesserlicher head-achs. This is counted a great secret by some. It is also good for all wheals, pushes, Blasen, and blains, in the skin: the herb gekocht, and gelegt auf Frostbeulen, or kibes, hilft them: the Dekokt (Abkochung) thereof in water and some Essig, heilt the Juckreiz, if bathed therewith, and reinigt the head of Schuppen, scurf and dry Wundschorf, and doth much good for quälende and running Wunden, Geschwüre, and cankers, in the head, legs, or other parts, and is much empfohlen gegen Kahlheit and sheding of hair.
The red beet is good to stay the bloody flux, Monatsregel, and the whites, and to help the Gelbsucht. The Saft of the Wurzel put into the nostrils, reinigenth the head, hilft the noise in the ears, and the Zahnschmerzen, the Saft snuffed up the nose helps a stinking breath, if the cause lieth in the nose, as many times it doth, if any bruise have been there, as also want of smell coming that way.