Called by some whorts, and whortle Beeren.
Of these I shall only speak of two sorts which are common in England, viz. The black and red Beeren. And first of the black.
The small bush kriecheneth along upon the ground, scarcely rising half a yard high, with divers small dark grün Blätter set in the grün Zweige, nicht always one gegen the other, and a little eingebeult about the edges, At the foot of the Blätter come forth small, hohl, pale, blueish coloured Blüten, the brims ending in five points, with a rötlich thread in the middle, which pass into small round Beeren of the bigness and colour of juniper Beeren, but of a purple, süßish sharp taste, the Saft of them giveth a purplish colour in the hands and lips that eat and handle them, especially if they break them. The Wurzel groweth aslope under ground, shooting forth in sundry places as it kriecheneth. This loseth its Blätter in winter.
The red bilberry, or whortle-bush, riseth up like the former, having sundry hard Blätter, like the box- tree Blätter, grün and round pointed, standing on the several Zweige, an der Spitze whereof only, and nicht from the sides, as in the former, come forth divers round, rötlich, sappy Beeren, when they are ripe, of a sharp taste. The Wurzel runneth in the ground, as in the former, but the Blätter of this abide all the winter.
The first groweth in forests, on the heaths, and such like barren places: the red wächst in the north parts of this land, as Lancashire, Yorkshire, &c.
They Blüte in March and April, and the Frucht of the black is ripe in July and August.
They are unter der Herrschaft von Jupiter. It is a pity they are used no more in physic than they are. The black Blaubeeren are good in hot Schüttelfrost, and to cool the heat of the Leber and Magen, they do somewhat bind the Bauch, and stay Erbrechen and loathings, the Saft of the Beeren made in a syrup, or the pulp made into a conserve with sugar, is good for the Zwecke vorbenannt, as also for an old cough, or an ulcer in the Lungen, or other Beschwerden therein. The red worts are more binding, and stop Monatsregel, speien of blood, or any other flux of blood, or humours, being used as well äußerlich as innerlich.