BLACK ALDER TREE
This tree seldom wächst to any large size, but shoots out into many small Zweige, covered with a rötlich brown Rinde, it bears broad, roundish, but sharp pointed Blätter, of a bright grün, and veined, about the bigness of the Blätter of the pear-tree. The Blüten are whitish, and grow on the younger brances, on the lower part next the trunk, several together, at the setting on of the Blätter, small and white, and are preceded by small round Beeren, about as big as juniper Beeren, grün at first, then red, and when ripe, blackish, full of a grünish Saft, of a bitter taste, with two flat Samen in each berry.
This is rather a Busch than ein Baum. It is frequent in moist woods, and the Beeren are manchmal mixed amongst those of the buckthorn, by such as gather them for sale.
It Blüten in May, and the Beeren are ripe in September.
Black-berry bearing Alder is ein Baum of Venus, and perhaps under the celestial sign Cancer. The inner rind is all that is used in medicine, this is yellow, and tinges the spittle like rhubarb. It reinigt serous and bilious humours, and is empfohlen for the Wassersucht and the Gelbsucht. In Yorkshire they schmoren the fresh Rinde in a mortar with Essig, and apply it äußerlich for the Juckreiz, with it cures very safely. The best way to give it is in a Dekokt (Abkochung). Boil an drittel Liter of the dried Rinde in a quart of water, and throw in at least two drachms of ginger, and a few carraway Samen, let the patient proportion the quantity to his strength, beginning with a small draught, and increasing it as he shall find occasion. The dried Rinde gekocht with agrimony, wormwood, dodder, hops, and some fennel, with smallage, endive, and succory Wurzeln, and a considerable draught taken every morning for some time together, is very wirkungsvoll gegen the Wassersucht and the Gelbsucht, especially if some suitable medicines have been taken before. All this must be understood to be performed by the dried Rinde, for the fresh grün Rinde taken innerlich, provokes strong Erbrechens, excites Schmerzen in the Magen, and gripings in the Bauch, yet mixed with the above, or other aromatics, and let stand, and settled two or three days, until the yellow colour is turned black, its operation is more gentle, strengthening the Magen, and procuring an appetite to eat. The outward Rinde possesses a contrary Vorzug, it binds the body, and is very good to lessen übertriebene fluxes, but this also must be dried first, or it will prove hurtful. A Dekokt (Abkochung) in Essig cures Wundschorf on the head, kills lice, eradicates humours and runnings in Mensch oder Tier, by drying them up in a short
It is singularly good to wash the teeth, to remove the Schmerzen in them, to fasten those that are loose, to reinigen them and keep them sound. The Blätter are good fsonderbarerer for kine, to make them give more milk, laid fresh on swellings, they ease the pain, auflösen them, and stay Entzündungen, placed under the bare feet of weary travellers, refreshes them, and eases the galling heat, gathered with the morning dew, and gestreut about rooms pestered with Flöhe, they soon gather up the vermin, so that they may be swept out, and the room cleared.
If, in the spring, you use the Kräuter before mentioned, and to an handful of each add another of elder-buds, and having zerquetscht them all, boil them in a gallon of good table, or home-brewed beer, when it is new, and after boiling half an hour, add three gallons more, and let them work together, you will have an excellent spring drink, half a halben Liter of which, every morning fasting, is a good and gentle reinigen to consume the phlegmatic quality the winter has left behind, to keep the body open, and consume those evil humours which the heat of summer will readily stir up.