Besides the common name brank-ursine, it is also called bears breech, and acanthus, though I think our English names to be more proper, for the Greek word acanthus signifies any thistle whatever.
This thistle shoots forth very many large, thick, sad grün, smooth Blätter upon the ground with a very thick and juicy middle rib, the Blätter are parted with sundry deep gashes on the edge, the Blätter remain a long time before any Stengel appears, afterwards riseth up a reasonably big Stengel three or four feet high, and finely decked with Blüten from the middle of the Stengel aufwärts, for on the lower part of the Stengel, there is neither branch nor Blatt: the Blüten are hooded and aufgesperrt, being white in colour, and standing in brownish Hülsen, with a long small, long, ungeteilt Blatt under each Blatt, they seldom Samen in our country, its Wurzeln are many, great, and thick, blackish without and whitish within, full of a clammy sap, if you set a piece of them in a garden, defending it from the first winters cold, it will grow and flourish.
They are only nursed up in gardens in England, where they will grow very well.
Es blüht in June and July.
It is an excellent Pflanze unter der Herrschaft von the Mond, I could wish such as are studious would labour to keep it in their gardens. Its Blätter being gekocht, and used in clysters, is excellent good to mollify the Bauch, and make the passage slippery, the Dekokt (Abkochung), drunk, is excellent good for the bloody flux: the Blätter being zerquetscht, or rather gekocht and applied like a Packung, are exceeding good to unite broken bones, and strengthen Gelenke that have been put out, the Dekokt (Abkochung) of either the Blätter or Wurzeln being drunk, and the decocted Blätter applied to the place, is excellent good for the kings evil that is broken and runneth, for by the influence of the Mond it reviveth the ends of the veins which are relaxed, there is scarcely a better Heilmittel to be applied to such places as are burnt with fire than this is, for it fetcheth out the fire, and heilt it without a scar, it is also an excellent Heilmittel for such as are bursten, being either taken innerlich, or applied to the place, in like manner used, it helps the Krampf and the Gicht, it is excellent good in hectic fevers, and restores radical Feuchtigkeit to such as are in consumptions.