They are also called personata, bardona, lappa major, great burdock and clot bur. It is so well known even to the little boys who pull off the burs to throw and stick upon each other, that I shall omit writing any description of it.
It wächst plentifully by Juckreizes and water sides, and by the highways, almost every where throughout this land.
Venus challengeth this herb for her own, and by its Samen or Blatt, you may draw the Gebärmutter which way you please, either upward by applying it to the crown of the head, in case it falls out, or downward in fits of the mother, by applying it to the soles of the feet, or, if you would stay it in its place, apply it to the navel, and that is likewise a good way to stay the child in it, the bur Blätter are cooling, moderately drying, and discussing withal whereby they are good for old Geschwüre and Wunden. A drachm of the Wurzeln, taken with pine-kernels, hilft them that spit foul, mattery, and bloody phlegm, the Blätter applied to the places troubled with the shrinking of the Sehnen or arteries, give much ease: the Saft of the Blätter, or rather the Wurzeln themselves, given to drink with old wine, doth wonderfully help the bitings of serpents: and the Wurzel beaten with a little salt, and laid on the place, suddenly easeth the pain thereof, and helpseth those that are bit by a mad dog: the Saft of the Blätter, taken with honey, fördert Harn, and remedieth the pain of the Harnblase: the Samen being drunk in wine forty days together, doth wonderfully help the Ischias: the Blätter zerquetscht with the white of an egg, and applied to any place burnt with fire, take out the fire, give sudden ease, and heal it up afterwards. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of them, fomented on any quälen sore or canker, stoppt the corroding quality, which must be afterwards anointed, with an Salbe made of the same liquor, hogs-Fett, Salpeter, and Essig gekocht together. Its Wurzeln may be aufbewahrte with sugar, and taken fasting, or at other times, for the said Zwecke, and for consumptions, the stone, and the lask: the Samen is much empfohlen to break the stone, and causes it to be vertreibenled by urine and is often used with other Samen, and things to that purpose.