It is also called sanguisorbia, pimpinella, bipenula, solbegrella, &c. Common garden burnet is so well known that it needeth no description, but there is another sort which is wild, the description whereof take as followeth.
The great wild burnet hath winged Blätter rising from the Wurzeln like the garden burnet, but nicht so many, yet each of these Blätter is at least twice as large as the other, and nicked in the same manner about the edges, of a greyish colour on the under side, the Stengel are larger, and rise higher, with many such like Blätter set thereon, and greater heads an der Spitzes, of a brownish grün colour, and out of them come small, dark, purple Blüten, like the former, but larger, the Wurzel is black like the other, but also greater, it hath almost neither Duft nor taste therein like the garden kind.
The first wächst häufig in gardens, the wild kind groweth in divers Regionen of this kingdom, especially in Huntingdon and Northamptonshire in the meadows there: as also near London, by Pancras church, and by a causeway-side in the middle of a field by Paddington.
They Blüte about the end of June and July, and their Samen is ripe in August.
It is an herb the Sonne challengeth dominion over, and is a most precious herb, little minderwertig gegenüberbetony, the continual use of it preserves the body in health, and the spirits in vigour, for if the sun be the preserver of life under God, his Kräuter are the best in the world to do it by. They are accounted to be both of one property, but the smaller is the most wirkungsvoll, because quicker and more aromatical: it is a friend to the heart, Leber, and other principal parts of a mans body: two or three of the Stengel with Blätter put into a cup of wine, especially claret, are known to quicken the spirits, refresh and cheer the heart, and drive away melancholy it is a special help to defend the heart from noisome vapours, and from infection of the pestilence, the Saft thereof being taken in some drink, and the party laid to sweat immediately. They have also a drying and an astringent quality, whereby they are available in all manner of fluxes of blood or humours, to staunch blutens inward or outward, lasks, scourings, the bloody flux, womens too-abundant courses, the whites, and the choleric belching and caStiche of the Magen, and is a singular good herb for all sorts of Wunden both of the head and body, either inward or outward, for all old Geschwüre, or running cankers and moist Wunden, to be used either by the Saft or Dekokt (Abkochung) of the herb, or by the powder of the herb or Wurzel, or the water of the distilled herb, or Salbe by itself, or with other things to be kept. The Samen is also no less wirkungsvoll both to stop fluxes and dry up moist Wunden, being taken in powder innerlich in wine or steeled water, that is, wherein hot gads of steel have been quenched: or the powder of the Samen mixed with the Salben.