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BUTTER-BUR
petasitis
Pestwurz
Sonne
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Namen: This herb is called petasitis.
Beschreibung:
It riseth up in February, with a thick Stengel about a foot high, whereon are set a few small Blätter, or rather pieces, and an der Spitzes a long spiked head of Blüten, of a bluish or deep red colour, according to the soil wherein it groweth, and, before the Stengel with the Blüten have been a month above ground, it will be withered and gone and blow away with the wind, and the Blätter will begin to spring, which being full blown, are very large and broad, being somewhat thin and almost round, whose thick red foot Stengel, about a foot long stand towards the middle of the Blätter, the lower part being geteilt into two round parts, close almost one to another of a pale grün colour, and hairy underneath, the Wurzel is long and ausbreiten under the ground, being in some places no bigger than ones finger, in others larger, rather blackish on the outside and white within, and of a very bitter and unpleasant taste.
Place and
Zeit:
They grow in low and wet ground by rivers and watersides, their Blüten (as is said) rising and decaying in February and March, before their Blätter, which appear in April.

Eigenschaften:
It is unter der Herrschaft von the Sonne and therefore is a great strengthener of the heart, and cheers the vital spirits. The excellent Fuschius, in his account of this herb, is most express, and records its Vorzug as wonderful in pestilential fevers, and this he speaks nicht from tradition, but his own Erfahrung. Were it needful to prove the sun gives light, it is scarcely less certain or less obvious, than that this Wurzel, beyond all things else cures pestilential fevers, and is by long Erfahrung found to be very available gegen the plague, by provoking sweat, if the powder thereof, be taken in wine, it also resisteth the force of any other poison, the Wurzel taken with zedoary and angelica, or without them, helps the rising of the mother, the Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Wurzel in wine is singularly good for those that wheeze much, or are short-winded, it fördert Harn also and Monatsregel, and killeth flat and broad Würmer in the Bauch: the powder of the Wurzel doth wonderfully help to dry up the Feuchtigkeit of Wunden that are hard to be cured, and takes away all spots and blemishes of the skin.