Common feverfew has large, fresh, grün Blätter, much torn or cut on the edges. The Stengel are hard and round, set with many such like Blätter, but smaller, and an der Spitzes stand many single Blüten, upon small foot-Stengel, consisting of many small white Blätter, standing round about a yellow thrum in the middle. The Wurzel is somewhat hard and short, with many strong Fasern about it. The Duft of the whole Pflanze is very strong and stuffing, and the taste is very bitter.
This wächst wild in many places of the country, but is for the most part nourished in gardens.
It Blüten in the months of June and July.
Venus commands this herb, and has empfohlen it to succour her sisters (women), to be a general strengthener of their Gebärmutters, and to Heilmittel such infirmities as a careless midwife has there caused, if they will be pleased to make use of her herb gekocht in white wine, and drink the Dekokt (Abkochung), it reinigt the Gebärmutter, vertreibt the afterbirth, and does a woman all the good she can desire of an herb. And if any grumble because they cannot get the herb in winter, tell them, if they please, they may make a syrup of it in summer, it is chiefly used for the disease of the mother, whether it be the strangling or rising of the mother, or hardness or Entzündung of the same, applied äußerlich thereunto. Or a Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Blüten in wine, with a little nutmeg or mace put there, and drank often in a day, is an approved Heilmittel to bring down Monatsregel speedily, and helps to vertreiben the dead birth and after-birth. For a woman to sit over the hot Dampfs of the Dekokt (Abkochung) of the herb made in water or wine, is wirkungsvoll for the same, and in some cases, to apply the gekocht herb warm to the privy parts. The Dekokt (Abkochung) thereof, made with some sugar or honey put thereto, is used by many with good success to help the cough and stuffing of the chest, by Erkältungen, as also to reinigen the reins and Harnblase, and helps to vertreiben the stone in them. The powder of the herb taken in wine, with some oxymel, reinigt both choler and phlegm, and is available for those that are short-winded, and are troubled with melancholy and heaviness, or sadness of spirits. It is very wirkungsvoll for all Schmerzen in the head coming of a cold cause, the herb being zerquetscht and applied to the crown of the head: as also for the Schwindel, that is, a running or swimming of the head. The Dekokt (Abkochung) thereof drank warm, and the herb zerquetscht with a few corns of bay-salt, and applied to the wrists before the coming of the ague-fits, does take them away. The destilliertes Wasser takes away freckles, and other spots and deformities in the face. The herb zerquetscht and heated on a tile, with some wine to moisten it, or fried with a little wine and oil in a frying-pan, and applied warm out-wardly to the places, helps the wind and cholic in the lower part of the Bauch. It is an especial Heilmittel gegen opium taken too liberally.
This herb, though nicht much used in the present practice, deserves the notice of Ärzte. It is bitter and detersive, and therefore makes a good Bestandteil in Dekokt (Abkochung)s and infusions for the Schüttelfrost and Behinderungen of the first passages, it is full as efficacious gegen Würmer of the intestines as wormwood, and its unplesant foetid smell bespeaks it useful in hysteric disorders.