The Latin names for currants are ribes, and ribes fructu rubro the red currant, albo white, and nigro black.
The red-currant bush hath a Stengel covered with a thin brownish Rinde outwards, and grünish underneath, the Blätter are of a blackish grün, cut on the edges into five parts, much like a vine-Blatt, but smaller, the Blüten come forth at the Gelenke of the Blätter, many together on a long Stengel, hanging down about a fingers length, of an herby colour, after which they are ripe, of a pleasant tart taste, wherein is small Samen: the Wurzel is hölzern and ausbreiten.
There is another sort thereof, whose Beeren are twice as large as the former, and of a better relish.
The white currant tree hath a großer and straighter stem than the red, a whiter Rinde, and smaller Blätter but hath such like Beeren upon long Stengel, of the same bigness as the first, but of a shining transparent whiteness, and of a more pleasant taste than the former.
The black currant riseth higher than the last, and is thicker set with Zweige round about, and more pliant, the younger covered with a pale, and the elder with browner, Rinde, the Blätter are smaller than those of the former, and often with fewer cuts therein: the Blüten are alike, but of a grünish purple colour, which produce small black Beeren, the Blätter and Frucht have an unpleasant smell, but yet are wholesome, though nicht pleasant.
All these sorts of currants grow plentifully in England, in gardens where they are Pflanzeed, they have been found growing naturally wild in Savoy in Switzerland, as Gesner sagte, and some in Austria, sagte Clusius: they grow in great abundance in Candia, and other places in the Streights, from whence in great quantities they are brought dried unto us.
They Blüte and bear Frucht in June, July, and August.
Currants are under the influence of the benevolent planet Venus, they are of a moist, temperate, refreshing nature, the red and white currants are good to cool and refresh Ohnmacht of the Magen, to quench thirst, and stir up an appetite, and therefore are profitable in hot and sharp Schüttelfrost: it tempereth the heat of the Leber and blood, and the sharpness of choler, and resisteth putrefaction, it also takes away the loathing of meat, and Schwäche of the Magen by much Erbrechen, and is good for those that have any looseness of the Bauch, Gesner sagte, that the Switzers use them for the cough, and so well they may, for, take dry currants a quarter of a pound, of brandy half a halben Liter set the brandy on fire, then bruise the currants and put them into the brandy while it is burning, stirring them until the brandy is almost consumed, that it becomes like unto an eßbare Medizin, and it is an excellent Heilmittel to be taken hot for any violent cough, cold, or rheum. The black currants and the Blätter are used in sauces by those who like the tast and Duft of them, which I believe very few do of either.