This is but an herb, every year dying with his Stengel to the ground, and rising fresh every spring, and is like unto the elder both in form and quality, rising up with a square rough hairy Stengel, four feet high, or more manchmal. The winged Blätter are somewhat narrower than the elder, but else like them. The Blüten are white with a dash of purple, standing in umbels, very like the elder also, but more süß in Duft, after which come small blackish Beeren, full of Saft while they are fresh, wherein is small hard kernels, or Samen, the Wurzel doth kriechen under the upper crust of the ground, springing in divers places, being of the bigness of ones finger or thumb manchmal.
The elder-tree groweth in hedges, being Pflanzeed there to strengthen the fences and partitions of ground, and to hold the banks by Juckreizes and water-courses.
The dwarf elder tree, growing wild in many places of England, where being once gotten into a ground, it is nicht easily gotten forth again.
Most of the elder trees Blüte in June, and their Frucht is ripe for the most part in August. But the dwarf-elder, or wall wort, Blüteeth somewhat later, and his Frucht is nicht ripe until September.
Both the elder and dwarf tree are unter der Herrschaft von Venus. The first shoots of the common elder gekocht like asparagus, and the young Blätter and Stengel gekocht in fat broth, doth mightily carry forth phlegm and choler. The middle or inward Rinde gekocht in water, and given in drink, worketh much more violently, and the Beeren, either grün or dry vertreiben the same humour, and are often given with good success to help the Wassersucht, the Rinde of the Wurzel gekocht in wine, or the Saft thereof drank, worketh the same Wirkungen, but more powerfully than either the Blätter or Frucht. The Saft of the Wurzel taken, doth mightily procure Erbrechens, and reinigenth the watery humours of the Wassersucht. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Wurzel taken, heilt the biting of an adder, and biting of mad dogs. It mollifieth the hardness of the mother, if women sit thereon, and openeth their veins, and bringeth down their courses: The Beeren gekocht in wine performeth the same Wirkung, and the hair of the head washed therewith is made black. The Saft of the grün Blätter applied to the hot Entzündungen of the eyes assuageth them, the Saft of the Blätter snuffed up into the nostrils, reinigenth the tunicles of the brain, the Saft of the Beeren gekocht with honey, and dropped into the ears, hilft the Schmerzen of them, the Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Beeren in wine being drank fördert Harn: the destilliertes Wasser, of the Blüten is of much use to clean the skin from sun-burning, freckles, morphew, or the like, and takes away the head-ach, coming of a cold cause, the head being bathed therewith. The Blätter or Blüten distilled in the month of May, and the legs often washed with the said destilliertes Wasser, it takes away the Geschwüre and Wunden of them. The eyes washed therewith, it takes away the redness and bloodshot, and the hands washed morning and evening therewith, hilft the Lähmung, and shaking of them.
The dwarf elder is more powerful than the common elder in opening and purging choler, phlegm, and water, in helping the Gicht, piles, and womens Beschwerden, coloureth the hair black, hilft the Entzündungen of the eyes, and Schmerzen in the ears, the biting of serpents, or mad dogs, Verbrennungen and scaldings, the wind cholic, cholic and stone, the difficulty of urine, the cure of old Wunden and fistulous Geschwüre. Either Blätter or Rinde of elder, stripped aufwärts as you gather it, causes Erbrechen. Also Dr. Butler, in a manuscript of his, commends dwarfelder to the sky for dropsies, viz to drink it, being gekocht in white wine, to drink the Dekokt (Abkochung) I mean, nicht the elder.