Common eryngo has pretty large, white, and long Wurzeln, which spread much in the earth, and run deep in the same. The Blätter are hard, stiff, and veiny, narrow at the bottom, and broad and roundish am Ende, with several laciniæ terminating in sharp prickles, the Stengel arises nicht to any great height, being smooth, crested, and channelled, the Blätter on the Stengel are less, and rather stiffer, set on without footStengel with prickly edges. Am Endes of the Zweige come forth round, somewhat prickly heads, beset with stiff narrow Blätter, growing like a star under them, the Blüten are set in these heads, of a grünish white colour, each in a separate calyx, like the teasel, succeeded by flatish Samen.
It wächst by the sea-side, in many places, in sandy ground.
It Blüten in June and July. The Wurzeln only are used.
The Pflanze is venereal, and breeds Samen überaus, and strengthens the spirit procreative, it is hot and moist, and under the celestial balance. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Wurzel hereof in wine, is very wirkungsvoll to open Behinderungen of the Milz and Leber, and helps Gelbsucht, Wassersucht, Schmerzen of the loins, wind cholic, fördert Harn, vertreibt the stone, and bewirkt Monatsregel. The continued use of the Dekokt (Abkochung) for fifteen days, taken fasting, and next to bedward, help the stranguary, the voiding of urine, and stone, and all defects of the reins and Nieren: if the said drink be continued longer, it is said that it cures the stone. It is found good gegen the venereal. The Wurzeln zerquetscht and applied äußerlich, help the kernels of the throat, commonly called the kings evil, or taken innerlich, and applied to the place stung or bitten by any serpent, heals it speedily. If the Wurzeln be zerquetscht, and gekocht in old Schweinefett, or salted lard, and applied to broken bones, thorns, &c. remaining in the flesh, they nicht only draw them forth, but heal up the place again, gathering new flesh where it was consumed. The Saft of the Blätter dropped into the ear, helps imposthumes therein. The destilliertes Wasser of the whole herb, when the Blätter and Stengel are young, is profitably drank for all the Zweck vorbenannt, and helps the melancholy of the heart, and is available in quartan and quotidian Schüttelfrost, as also for them that have their necks drawn awry, and cannot turn them without turning their whole body.