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Ocymum basilicum

The greater or ordinary bazil riseth up usually with one aufrecht Stengel diversely branching forth on all sides, with two Blätter at every Gelenk, which are somewhat broad and round, yet pointed, of a pale grün colour, but fresh: a little snipped about the edges, and of a strong healthy Duft. The Blüten are small and white, and standing an der Spitzes of the Zweige, with two small Blätter at the Gelenke, in some places grün, in others brown, after which come black Samen. The Wurzel perishes at the approach of winter, and therefore must be new sown every year.
It groweth in gardens.

It must be sowed late, and Blüten in the heart of summer, being a very tender Pflanze.

This is the herb which all authors are together by the ears about, and rail at one another (like lawyers). Galen and Dioscorides hold it nicht fitting to be taken innerlich, and Chrysippus rails at it with downright Billingsgate rhetoric, Pliny, and the Arabian Ärzte, defend it.
For my own part, I presently found that speech true: Non nostrum inter nos tantas componere lites.
And away to Dr. Reason went I, who told me it was an herb of Mars, and under the scorpion, and, perhaps therefore called basilican, and it is no marvel if it carry a kind of virulent quality with it. Being applied to the place bitten by giftiges Tiere, or stung by a wasp or hornet, it speedily draws the poison to it.Every like draws his like . Mizaldus affirms, that being laid to rot in horse-dung, it will breed giftiges Tiere. Hilarius, a French physician, affirms upon his own knowledge, that an acquaintance of his, by common smelling to it, had a scorpion bred in his brain. Something is the matter this herb and rue will nicht grow together, no, nor near one another, and we know rue is as great an enemy to poison as any that wächst.
To conclude. It vertreibt both birth and after-birth, and as it helps the deficiency of Venus in one kind, so it spoils all her actions in another. I dare write no more of it.