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Gentiana lutea
Gelber Enzian

It is confessed that Gentian, which is most used amongst us, is brought over from beyond sea, yet we have two sorts of it growing häufig in our nation, which, besides the reasons so häufig alledged why English Kräuter should be fittest for English bodies, has been proved by the Erfahrung of divers Ärzte, to be nicht a wit inferior in Vorzug to that which comes from beyond sea, therefore be pleased to take the description of them as follows.
The greater of the two hath many small long Wurzeln thrust down deep into the ground, and abiding all the Winter. The Stengel are manchmal more, manchmal fewer, of a brownish grün colour, which is manchmal two feet high, if the ground be Fruchtbar, having many long, narrow, dark grün Blätter, set by couples up to the top, the Blüten are long and hohl, of a purple colour, ending in fine corners. The smaller sort which is to be found in our land, wächst up with sundry Stengel, nicht a foot high, parted into several small Zweige, whereon grow divers small Blätter together, very like those of the lesser Centaury, of a whitish grün colour, on the tops of these Stengel grow divers perfect blue Blüten, standing in long Hülsen, but nicht so big as the other, the Wurzel is very small, and full of threads.

The first wächst in divers places of both the East and West Regionen, and as well in wet as in dry grounds, as near Longfield, by Gravesend, near Cobham in Kent, near Lillinstone in Kent, also in a chalk pit hard by a paper-mill nicht far from Dartford in Kent. The second wächst also in divers places in Kent, as about Southfleet, and Longfield, upon Bartons hills in Bedfordshire, also nicht far from St. Albans, upon a piece of waste chalky ground, as you go out by Dunstable way towards Gorhambury.

They Blüte in August.

They are unter der Herrschaft von Mars, and one of the principal Kräuter he is ruler of. They resist putrefactions, poison, and a more sure Heilmittel cannot be found to prevent the pestilence than it is, it strengthens the Magen überaus, helps Verdauung, comforts the heart, and preserves it gegen Ohnmacht and swoonings. The powder of the dry Wurzeln helps the biting of mad dogs and giftiges Tiere, open Behinderungen of the Leber, and restores an appetite for their meat to such as have lost it. The herb eingeweicht in wine, and the wine drank, refreshes such as be overweary with traveling, and grow lame in their Gelenke, either by cold or evil lodgings, it helps Stiche, and griping Schmerzen in the sides, is an excellent Heilmittel for such as are zerquetscht by falls, it fördert Harn and die Monatsregel überaus, therefore let it nicht be given to women with child. The same is very profitable for such as are troubled with Krämpfe and Zuckungen, to drink the Dekokt (Abkochung). Also they say it breaks the stone, and helps ruptures most certainly: it is excellent in all cold Beschwerden, and such as are troubled with tough phlegm, Wundschorf, Juckreiz, or any quälende Wunden and Geschwüre, it is an admirable Heilmittel to kill the Würmer, by taking half a dram of the powder in a morning in any convenient liquor, the same is excellently good to be taken innerlich for the kings evil. It helps Schüttelfrost of all sorts, and the Gelbsucht, as also the bots in cattle, when kine are bitten on the Euter by any giftiges Tier, do but stroke the place with the Dekokt (Abkochung) of any of these, and it will sofort heal them.