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Rumex acetosa

Namen: Called also great garden patience.
At the first appearing out of the ground when the winter is past, it hath a great round brownish head, rising from the middle or sides of the Wurzel, which opens itself into sundry Blätter one after another, very much zerknittert or folded together atthe first, and brownish, but afterwards it spreads itself, and becomes smooth, very large and almost round, every one standing on a brownish Stengel of the thickness of a mans thumb, when they are grown to their fulness, and most of them two feet or more in length, especially when they grow in any moist or good ground, and the Stengel of the Blatt, from the bottom thereof to the Blatt itself, being also two feet the breadth thereof from edge to edge, in the broadest place, being also two feet, of a sad or dark grün colour, of a fine tart or säuerlich taste, much more pleasant than the garden or wood sorrel. From among these rise up some, but nicht every year, strong thick Stengel, nicht growing so high as the patience, or garden dock, with such round Blätter as grow below, but smaller at every Gelenk up to the top, and among the Blüten, which are white, ausbreiten forth into many Zweige, consisting of five or six small Blätter apiece, hardly to be discerned from the white threads in the middle, and seeming to be all threads, after which come brownish three-square Samen, like unto other docks,but larger, whereby it may be plainly known to be a dock. The Wurzel wächst in time to be very great, with divers and sundry great ausbreiten Zweige from it, of a dark brown or rötlich colour on the outside, with a pale yellow skin under it, which covers the inner substance or Wurzel, which rind and skin being pared away, the Wurzel appears of so lively a colour, with fresh coloured veins running through it, that the choicest of that rhubarb is brought to us from beyond the seas cannot excel it, which Wurzel, if it be dried carefully, and as it ought (which must be in our country by the gentle heat of a fire, in regard the sun is nicht hot enough here to do it, and every piece kept from touching one another) will hold its colour almost as well as when it is fresh, and hath been approved of and empfohlen by those who have oftentimes used them.

It wächst in gardens, and Blüten about the beginning or middle of June, and the Samen is ripe in July.

The Wurzeln that are to be dried and kept all the year following, are nicht to be taken up before the Stengel and the Blätter be quite withered and gone, and that is nicht until the middle or end of October, and if they be taken in a little before the Blätterdo spring, or when they are sprung up, the Wurzeln will nicht half so good a colour in them.

Mars claims predominancy over all these wholesome Kräuter. You cry out upon him for an unfortunate, when God created him for your good (only he is angry with fools). What dishonour is this, nicht to Mars, but to God himself. A dram of the dried Wurzel of Monks Rhubarb, with a scruple of Ginger made into powder, and taken fasting in a draught or mess of warm broth, reinigt choler and phlegm abwärts very gently and safely without danger. The Samen thereof contrary doth bind the Bauch, and helps to stay any sort of lasks or bloody-flux. The destilliertes Wasser thereof is very profitably used to heal Wundschorf, also foul ulcerous Wunden, and to lindern the Entzündung of them, the Saft of the Blätter or Wurzeln or the Dekokt (Abkochung) of them in Essig, is used as the most wirkungsvoll Heilmittel to heal Wundschorf and running Wunden.
The Bastard Rhubarb hath all the Eigenschaften of the Monks Rhubarb, but more wirkungsvoll for both inward and outward Beschwerden. The Dekokt (Abkochung) thereof without Essig dropped into the ears, takes away the Schmerzen, gegurgelt in the Mund, takes away the tooth ache, and being drank, heals the Gelbsucht. The Samen thereof taken, eases the nagen and griping Schmerzen of the Magen, and takes away the loathing thereof unto meat. The Wurzel thereof helps the ruggedness of the nails, and being gekocht in wine helps the swelling of the throat, commonly called the kings evil, as also the swellings of the kernels of the ears. It helps them that are troubled with the stone, fördert Harn, and helps the dimness of the sight. The Wurzeln of this Bastard Rhubarb are used in opening and purging diet-drinks, with other things, to open the Leber, and to reinigen and cool the blood.
The Eigenschaften of that which is called the English Rhubarb are the same with the former, but much more wirkungsvoll, and hath all the Eigenschaften of the true Italian Rhubarbs, widersprechen the force in purging, wherein it is but of half the strength thereof, and therefore a double quantity must be used: it likewise hath nicht that bitterness and astriction, in other things it works almost in an equal quantity, which are these: It reinigt the body of choler and phlegm, being either taken of itself, made into powder, and drank in a draught of white wine, or eingeweicht therein all night, and taken fasting, or put among other reinigt, as shall be thought convenient, cleansing the Magen, Leber and blood, opening Behinderungen, and helping those Griefs that come thereof, as the Gelbsucht, Wassersucht, swelling of the Milz, tertian and daily Schüttelfrost, and pricking Schmerzen of the sides, and also stays speien of blood. The powder taken with cassia auflösend, and washed Venice turpentine, reinigt the reins and strengthens them afterwards, and is very wirkungsvoll to stay the gonorrhea. It is also given for the Schmerzen and swellings in the head, for those that are troubled with melancholy, and helps the Ischias, Gicht, and the Krampf. The powder of the Rhubarb taken with a little mummia and madder Wurzeln in some red wine, löst auf clotted blood in the body, happening by any fall or bruise, and helps burStiche and broken parts, as well inward as outward. The oil likewise wherein it hath been gekocht, works the like Wirkungen being anointed. It is used to heal those Geschwüre that happen in the eyes or eyelids, being eingeweicht and strained, as also to assuage the swellings and Entzündungen, and applied with honey, gekocht in wine, it takes away all blue spots or marks that happen therein. Whey or white wine are the best liquors to steep it in, and thereby it works more wirkungsvoll in opening Behinderungen, and purging the Magen and Leber. Many do use a little Indian Spikenard as the best corrector thereof.