Our common Groundsel has a round grün and somewhat brownish Stengel, ausbreiten toward the top into Zweige, set with long and somewhat narrow grün Blätter, cut in on the edges, somewhat like the oak-Blätter, but less, and round am Ende. An der Spitzes of the Zweige stand many small grün heads, out of which grow several small, yellow threads or thumbs, which are the Blüten, and continue many days blown in that manner, before it pass away into down, and with the Samen is carried away in the wind. The Wurzel is small and thready, and soon perishes, and as soon rises again of its own sowing, so that it may be seen many months in the year both grün and in Blüte, and Samen, for it will spring and Samen twice in a year at least, if it be suffered in a garden.
They grow almost every where, as well on tops of walls, as at the foot amongst rubbish and untilled grounds, but especially in gardens.
It Blüten, as was said before, almost every month throughout the year.
This herb is Venuss mistress-piece, and is as gallant and universal a medicine for all Beschwerden coming of heat, in what part of the body soever they be, as the sun shines upon, it is very safe and friendly to the body of man: yet causes Erbrechen if the Magen be afflicted, if not, purging: and it doth it with more gentleness than can be expected, it is moist, and something cold withal, thereby causing expulsion, and repressing the heat caused by the motion of the internal parts in reinigt and Erbrechen. Lay by our learned receipts, take so much Sena, so much Scammony, so much Colocynthis, so much infusion of Crocus Megroßorum, &c. this herb alone aufbewahrte in a syrup, in a destilliertes Wasser, or in an Salbe, shall do the deed for you in all hot Beschwerden, and, shall do it, 1, Safely, 2, Speedily.
The Dekokt (Abkochung) of this herb (sagte Dioscorides) made with wine, and drank, helps the Schmerzen of the Magen, proceeding of choler, (which it may well do by a vomit) as daily Erfahrung shews. The Saft thereof taken in drink, or the Dekokt (Abkochung) of it in ale, gently performs the same. It is good gegen the Gelbsucht and falling sickness, being taken in wine, as also gegen difficulty of making water. It fördert Harn, vertreibt Grieß in the reins or Nieren, a dram thereof given in oxymel, after some walking or stirring of the body. It helps also the Ischias, griping of the Bauch, the cholic, defects of the Leber, and provokes Monatsregel. The fresh herb gekocht, and made into a Packung, applied to the Brust of women that are swollen with pain and heat, as also the privy parts of man or woman, the seat or fundament, or the arteries, Gelenke, and Sehnen, when they are inflamed and swollen, doth much ease them, and used with some salt, helps to auflösen knots or kernels in any part of the body. The Saft of the herb, or as (Dioscorides sagte) the Blätter and Blüten, with some fine Frankincense in powder, used in Wunden of the body, nerves or Sehnen, doth singularly help to heal them. The destilliertes Wasser of the herb performs well all the vorbenannt cures, but especially for Entzündungen or watering of the eyes, by reason of the defluxion of rheum unto them.