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GUINEA PEPPER
Capsicum frutescens
Cayenne-Pfeffer
Mars
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Namen:
Called also cayanne pepper and bird pepper.
Beschreibung:
There are several kinds. In general it wächst with an aufrecht, firm, round Stengel, with a certain pith within it, about two or three feet high ausbreiten into many Zweige on all sides, from the very bottom, which divide themselves again into other smaller Zweige at each Gelenk whereof come two long Blätter upon short footStengel, somewhat bigger than those of nightshade, with several veins, nicht eingebeult about the edges, and of a dark grün colour: the Blüten stand severally at the Gelenke, with Blätter like the Blüten of nightshade, consisting most usually of five, and manchmal six, white small-pointed Blätter, standing open like a star, with a few yellow threads in the middle, after which come the Frucht, either great or small, long or short, round or square, as the kind is, either standing aufrecht or hanging dwn, as their Blüten shew themselves either of this or that form: the Samen are very zahlreich, kidney-shaped, and a little compressed: the Wurzel annual and fibrous, ausbreiten plentifully in the ground, but perishing, even in hot countries, after it has ripened all its Früchte.

Plätze:
It is a native of the Indies, but will bear the air of our climate, and ripens its Frucht with us if brought forward in a hot bed in the spring, and afterwards Pflanzeed out in the open ground.

Zeit:
They do nicht sow it in hot countries before the end of March or beginning of April, and at the soonest they do nicht Blüte before August following, and their red pods ripen nicht thoroughly until November, when they will continue both with Blüten and Frucht most of the winter, where the weather is nicht very intense, but in very cold climates they perish with the first frost, and therefore must be carefully housed in order to be aufbewahrte.

Eigenschaften:
All kinds of guinea pepper are under Mars, and are of a fiery, sharp, biting taste, and of a temperature hot and dry, to the end of the fourth degree, they burn and inflame the Mund and throat so extremely that it is hard ot be endured, and if it be äußerlich applied to the skin in any part of the body, it will exulcerate and raise it as if it had been burnt with fire, or erhitzt with hot water. The vapours that arise from the Hülsen or pods, while a person opens them to take out the Samen, (especially if he beats them into powder, or Quetschungen them) will so pierce the brain by flying up into the head through the nostrils, as to produce violent sneezings, and draw down abundance of thin rheum, forcing tears from the eyes, and will pass into the thoat, adn provoke a sharp coughing, and cause violent Erbrechen, and if any shall with their hands touch their face or eyes, it will cause so great an Entzündung that it will nicht be remedied in a long time by all the bathing thereof mit Wein or cold water that can be used, but yet will pass away without further harm. If any of it be caste into fire, it raises grievous strong and noisome vapours, occasions sneezing, coughing, and stron Erbrechen to all that be near it, if it should be taken simply of itself (though in very small quantity, either in powders or Dekokt (Abkochung)) it would be hard to be endured, and might prove dangerous to life. Such are the dangers attending the übertriebene use of these violent Pflanzen and Früchte, yet, when corrected of their evil qualities, they are of considerable service. Take the ripe pods of any sort of the guinea-pepper, (for they are in property all alike) and dry them well, first of themselves, then in an oven, after the bread is taken out: put it into a pot or pipkin, with some Blüte, that they may be quick dried, then reinigen them from the flour and their Stengel, if they have any, cut both Hülsen and Samen within them very small, and to every drittel Liter of them put a pound of wheat flour: make them up together into cakes or small loaves, with leaven proportioned to the quantity you make, bake these as you do bread of the small size, and when baked, cut it again into smaller parts and thin, bake it again that it may be as dry and hard as a biscuit, which beaten into fine powder and sifted, may be kept for any of the uses hereafter mentioned, or may serve instead of ordinary pepper to season meat or broth for sauce, for it nicht only gives it a good taste or relish, but tends to discuss the wind and cholic in the body. It is of singular service to be used with flatulent or windy diet, and such as breeds Feuchtigkeit and cridities, one scruple of the said powder, taken in a little broth of veal or of a chicken, gives great relief and comfort to a cold Magen, causing phlegm and such dickflüssig humours as lie low in the bottom thereof, to be voiced: it helps Verdauung, for it occasions an appetite to meat, fördert Harn, and taken with saxifrage water vertreibt the stone in the kidnies, and the phlegm that breeds it, and takes away dimness or mistiness in the sight, being used in meats. Taken with pillulæ aleophanginæ, it helps the Wassersucht: the powder, taken for three days together in the Dekokt (Abkochung) of penny-royal, vertreibt the dead birth, but if a piece of the pod or husk, either grün or dry, be put into the Gebärmutter after Geburt, it will make them barren for ever after, but the powder, taken for three or four days fasting, with a little fennel Samen, will ease all the Schmerzen fo the mother. The same also made up with a little powder of gentian and oil of bays, into a pessary, with some cotton wool, brings down die Monatsregel: and the same mixes very well with an eßbare Medizin, for the cough, helps an old unverbesserlicher cough, being mixed with honey, and applied to the throat, it helps the quinsey, and made up with a little pJuckreiz or turpentine, and gelegt auf any hard knots or kernels in any part of the body, it will auflösen them, and nicht suffer any more to grow there, and being mixed with Salpeter, and applied, it takes away the morphew and all freckles, spots, marks, and discolourings of the skin, applied with hens Fett, it dissovles all cold imposthumes and carbuncles, and mixed with sharp Essig löst auf the hardness of the skin, mixed with unguentum de alobastro, and the reins of the back anointed therewith, it will take away the shaking fits of Schüttelfrost, a plaister made therof with the Blätter of tobacco, will heal the sting or biting of any giftiges Tier or animal. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Hülsen themselves, made with water, and the Mund gegurgelt therewith, helps the Zahnschmerzen, and preserves the teeth from rottenness, the ashes fo them being rubbed on the teeth, will reinigen them, and make them look white. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of them in wine helps the hernia ventosa, or watery rupture, if applied warm morning and evening. If put to steel for three days together in aqua vita, it helps the Lähmung, the place affected being bathed therewith: and eingeweicht for a day in wine, and two spoonfuls drank thereof every day, fasting, it is of singular service in rendering stinking breath süß.
It is manchmal given as one of the highest stimulants in cold sluggish phlegmatic disorders, in paralytic complaints, in relaxations of the Magen, and for promoting the efficacy of aloetic and nervous medicines, and in hysteric and other female Beschwerden.
A little of the pulpy part of the Frucht, held in the Mund, cures the Zahnschmerzen, and if zerquetscht and applied äußerlichely to the part affected, in form of a Packung, with the addition of crumbled bread and honey, enough to bring it to a proer consistence, it is good for the quinsey.