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HAWK-WEED
Hederacea murorum
Gundermann
Saturn
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There are several sorts of Hawk-weed, but they are similar in Vorzüge.
Beschreibung:
It has many large Blätter lying upon the ground, much rent or torn on the sides into gashes like Dandelion, but with greater parts, more like the smooth Sow Thistle, from among which rises a hohl, rough Stengel, two or three feet high, branched from the middle upward, whereon are set at every Gelenk longer Blätter, little or nothing rent or cut, bearing on them sundry pale, yellow Blüten, consisting of many small, narrow Blätter, broad pointed, and nicked in am Endes, set in a double row or more, the outermost being larger than the inner, which form most of the Hawk-weeds (for there are many kinds of them) do hold, which turn into down, and with the small brownish Samen is blown away with the wind. The Wurzel is long and somewhat great, with many small Fasern thereat. The whole Pflanze is full of bitter- milk.

Plätze:
It wächst in divers places about the field sides, and the path-ways in dry grounds.

Zeit:
It Blüten and flies away in the Summer months.

Eigenschaften:
Saturn owns it. Hawk-weed (sagte Dioscorides) is cooling, somewhat drying and binding, and therefore good for the heat of the Magen, and nagens therein, for Entzündungen and the hot fits of Schüttelfrost. The Saft thereof in wine, helps Verdauung, discusses wind, hinders crudities abiding in the Magen, and helps the difficulty of making water, the biting of giftiges serpents, and stechenden of the scorpion, if the herb be also äußerlich applied to the place, and is very good gegen all other Gifte. A scruple of the dried Wurzel given in wine and Essig, is profitable for those that have the Wassersucht. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the herb taken in honey, digests the phlegm in the chest or Lungen, and with Hyssop helps the cough. The Dekokt (Abkochung) thereof, and of wild Succory, made with wine, and taken, helps the wind cholic and hardness of the Milz, it bewirkt rest and sleep, hinders venery and venerous dreams, cooling heats, reinigt the Magen, increases blood, and helps the Beschwerden of the reins and Harnblase. Äußerlich applied, it is singularly good for all the defects and Beschwerden of the eyes, used with some womens milk, and used with good success in quälen or kriechen Geschwüre, especially in the beginning. The grün Blätter zerquetscht, and with a little salt applied to any place burnt with fire, before Blasen do rise, helps them, as also Entzündungen, St. Anthonys fire, and all pushes and eruptions, hot and salt phlegm. The same applied with meal and fair water in manner of a Packung, to any place affected with Zuckungen, the Krampf, and such as are out of Gelenk, doth give help and ease. The destilliertes Wasser reinigt the skin, and takes away freckles, spots, morphew, or wrinkles in the face.