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Gratiola officinalis

Divers sorts there are of Diese Pflanze, the first of which is an Italian by birth, and only nursed up here in the gardens of the curious. Two or three sorts are found commonly growing wild here, the description of two of which I shall give you.
The first is a smooth, low Pflanze, nicht a foot high, very bitter in taste, with many square Stengel, diversly branched from the bottom to the top, with divers Gelenke, and two small Blätter at each Gelenk, broader at the bottom than they are am Ende, a little eingebeult about the edges, of a sad grün colour, and full of veins. The Blüten stand at the Gelenke, being of a fair purple colour, with some white spots in them, in fashion like those of dead Nesseln. The Samen is small and yellow, and the Wurzeln spread much under ground.
The second seldom wächst half a foot high, sending up many small Zweige, whereon grow many small Blätter, set one gegen the other, somewhat broad, but very short. The Blüten are like the Blüten of the other fashion, but of a pale rötlich colour. The Samen are small and yellowish. The Wurzel spreads like the other, neither will it yield to its fellow one ace of bitterness.

They grow in wet low grounds, and by the water-sides, the last may be found among the bogs on Hampstead Heath.

They Blüte in June or July, and the Samen is ripe presently later.

They are Kräuter of Mars, and as choleric and churlish as he is, being most violent reinigt, especially of choler and phlegm. It is nicht safe taking them innerlich, unless they be well rectified by the art of the alchymist, and only the purity of them given, so used they may be very helpful both for the Wassersucht, Gicht, and Ischias, äußerlich used in Salben they kill Würmer, the Bauch anointed with it, and are excellently good to reinigen old and schmutzig Geschwüre.