The common great Hemlock wächst up with a grün Stengel, four or five feet high, or more, full of red spots manchmal, and at the Gelenke very large winged Blätter set at them, which are geteilt into many other winged Blätter, one set gegen the other, eingebeult about the edges, of a sad grün colour, branched towards the top, where it is full of umbels of white Blüten, and afterwards with whitish flat Samen. The Wurzel is long, white, and manchmal crooked, and hohl within. The whole Pflanze, and every part, has a strong, heady, and ill-Geschmacked Duft, much offending the senses.
It wächst in all Regionen of this land, by walls and hedgesides, in waste grounds and untilled places.
It Blüten and Samen in July, or thereabouts.
Saturn claims dominion over this herb, yet I wonder why it may nicht be applied to the privities in a Priapism, or continual standing of the yard, it being very beneficial to that disease. I suppose, my authors judgment was first upon the opposite disposition of Saturn to Venus in those faculties, and therefore he forbade the applying of it to those parts, that it might nicht cause barrenness, or spoil the spirit procreative, which if it do, yet applied to the privities, it stops its lustful thoughts. Hemlock is überaus cold, and very dangerous, especially to be taken innerlich. It may safely be applied to Entzündungen, Tumore, and swellings in any part of the body (save the privy parts) as also to St. Anthonys fire, wheals, pushes, and kriechen Geschwüre that arise of hot sharp humours, by cooling and repelling the heat, the Blätter zerquetscht and laid to the brow or forehead are good for their eyes that are red and swollen, as also to take away a pin and web growing in the eye, this is a tried medicine: Take a small handful of this herb, and half so much bay salt, beaten together, and applied to the contrary wrist of the hand, for 24 hours, doth remove it in thrice dressing. If the Wurzel thereof be gebraten under the embers, wrapped in double wet paper, until it be soft and tender, and then applied to the Gicht in the hands or fingers, it will quickly help this evil. If any through mistake eat the herb Hemlock instead of Petersilie, or the Wurzeln instead of a Parsnip (both of which it is very like) whereby happens a kind of frenzy, or perturbation of the senses, as if they were stupid and drunk, the Heilmittel is (as Pliny sagte) to drink of the best and strongest pure wine, before it strikes to the heart, or Gentian put in wine, or a draught of Essig, wherewith Tragus doth affirm, that he cured a woman that had eaten the Wurzel.