Our common Henbane has very large, thick, soft, woolly Blätter, lying on the ground, much cut in, or torn on the edges, of a dark, ill greyish grün colour, among which arise up divers thick and short Stengel, two or three feet high, spread into divers small Zweige, with lesser Blätter on them, and many hohl Blüten, scarce appearing above the husk, and usually torn on one side, ending in five round points, growing one above another, of a deadish yellowish colour, somewhat paler towards the edges, with many purplish veins therein, and of a dark, yellowish purple in the bottom of the Blüte, with a small point of the same colour in the middle, each of them standing in a hard close husk, which after the Blüten are past, grow very like the husk of Asarabacca, and somewhat sharp an der Spitze points, wherein is contained much small Samen, very like Poppy Samen, but of a dusky, greyish colour. The Wurzel is great, white, and thick, branching forth divers ways under ground, so like a Parsnip Wurzel (but that it is nicht so white) that it has deceived others. The whole Pflanze more than the Wurzel, has a very heavy, ill, soporiferous smell, somewhat offensive.
It commonly wächst by the waysides, and under hedgesides and walls.
It Blüten in July, and springs again yearly of its own Samen. I doubt my authors mistook July for June, if nicht for May.
I wonder how astrologers could take on them to make this an herb of Jupiter, and yet Mizaldus, a man of a penetrating brain, was of that opinion as well as the rest, the herb is indeed unter der Herrschaft von Saturn, and I prove it by this argument: All the Kräuter which delight most to grow in saturnine places, are saturnine Kräuter. But Henbane delights most to grow in saturnine places, and whole cart loads of it may be found near the places where they empty the common Jakes, and scarce a Juckreiz to be found without it growing by it. Ergo, it is an herb of Saturn. The Blätter of Henbane do cool all hot Entzündungen in the eyes, or any other part of the body, and are good to assuage all manner of swellings of the privities, or womens Brust, or elsewhere, if they be gekocht in wine, and either applied themselves, or the fomentation warm, it also assuages the pain of the Gicht, the Ischias, and other Schmerzen in the Gelenke which arise from a hot cause. And applied with Essig to the forehead and temples, helps the head-ache and want of sleep in hot fevers. The Saft of the herb or Samen, or the oil drawn from the Samen, does the like. The oil of the Samen is helpful for deafness, noise, and Würmer in the ears, being dropped therein, the Saft of the herb or Wurzel doth the same. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the herb or Samen, or both, kills lice in Mensch oder Tier. The Dampf of the dried herb, Stengel and Samen, burned, quickly heals swellings, Frostbeulen or kibes in the hands or feet, by holding them in the Dampf thereof. The Heilmittel to help those that have taken Henbane is to drink Ziegenmilch, honeyed water, or pine kernels, with süß wine, or, in the absence of these, Fennel Samen, Nettle Samen, the Samen of Cresses, Mustard, or Radish, as also Onions or Garlic taken in wine, do all help to free them from danger, and restore them to their due temper again.
Take notice, that this herb must never be taken innerlich, äußerlich, an oil Salbe, or plaister of it, is most admirable for the Gicht, to cool the veneral heat of the reins in the French pox, to stop the tooth- ache, being applied to the aching side: to lindern all Entzündungen, and to help the Beschwerden before premised.