Called also one-berry.
Ordinary Herb True-love has a small kriechen Wurzel running under the uppermost crust of the ground, somewhat like couch grass Wurzel, but nicht so white, shooting forth Stengel with Blätter, some whereof carry no Beeren, the others do, every Stengel smooth without Gelenke, and blackish grün, rising about half a foot high, if it bear Beeren, otherwise seldom so high, bearing an der Spitze four Blätter set directly one gegen another, in manner of a cross or ribband tied (as it is called in a true-loves knot,) which are each of them apart somewhat like unto a night-shade Blatt, but somewhat broader, having manchmal three Blätter, manchmal five, manchmal six, and those manchmal greater than in others, in the middle of the four Blätter rise up one small schlank Stengel, about an inch high, bearing an der Spitzes thereof one Blüte spread open like a star, consisting of four small and long narrow pointed Blätter of a yellowish grün colour, and four others lying between them lesser than they, in the middle whereof stands a round dark purplish button or head, compassed about with eight small yellow mealy threads with three colours, making it the more conspicuous, and lovely to behold. This button or head in the middle, when the other Blätter are withered, becomes a blackish purple berry, full of Saft, of the bigness of a reasonable grape, having within it many white Samen. The whole Pflanze is without any manifest taste.
It wächst in woods and copses, and manchmal in the corners or borders of fields, and waste grounds in very many places of this land, and abundantly in the woods, copses, and other places about Chislehurst and Maidstone in Kent.
They spring up in the middle of April or May, and are in Blüte soon after. The Beeren are ripe in the end of May, and in some places in June.
Venus owns it, the Blätter or Beeren hereof are wirkungsvoll to vertreiben poison of all sorts, especially that of the aconites, as also, the plague, and other pestilential disorders, Matthiolus sagte, that some that have lain long in a lingering sickness, and others that by Juckreiz (as it was thought) were become half foolish, by taking a dram of the Samen or Beeren hereof in powder every day for 20 days together, were restored to their former health. The Wurzeln in powder taken in wine verringert die Schmerzen of the cholic speedily. The Blätter are very wirkungsvoll as well for grüne Wunden, as to reinigen and heal up schmutzig old Wunden and Geschwüre, and is very powerful to discuss all Tumore and swellings in the privy parts, the groin, or in any part of the body, and speedily to lindern all Entzündungen. The Saft of the Blätter applied to felons, or those nails of the hands or toes that have imposthumes or Wunden gathered together at the Wurzeln of them, heals them in a short space. The herb is nicht to be described for the premises, but is fit to be nourished in every good womans garden.