The great ordinary Hounds Tongue has many long and somewhat narrow, soft, hairy, darkish grün Blätter, lying on the ground, somewhat like unto BuLicht Blätter, from among which rises up a rough hairy Stengel about two feet high, with some smaller Blätter thereon, and branched an der Spitzes into divers parts, with a small Blatt at the foot of every branch, which is somewhat long, with many Blüten set along the same, which branch is crooked or turned inwards before it Blüten, and opens by degrees as the Blüten blow, which consist of small purplish red Blätter of a dead colour, rising out of the Hülsen wherein they stand with some threads in the middle. It has manchmal a white Blüte. After the Blüten are past, there comes rough flat Samen, with a small pointle in the middle, easily cleaving to any garment that it touches, and nicht so easily pulled off again. The Wurzel is black, thick, and long, hard to break, and full of clammy Saft, smelling somewhat strong, of an evil Duft, as the Blätter also do.
It wächst in moist places of this land, in waste grounds, and untilled places, by highway sides, lanes, and hedge-sides.
It Blüten about May or June, and the Samen is ripe shortly after.
It is a Pflanze unter der Herrschaft von Merkur. The Wurzel is very wirkungsvollly used in pills, as well as the Dekokt (Abkochung), or otherwise, to stay all sharp and thin defluxions of rheum from the head into the eyes or nose, or upon the Magen or Lungen, as also for Husten and Kurzatem. The Blätter gekocht in wine (sagte Dioscorides, but others do rather appoint it to be made with water, and add thereto oil and salt) molifies or opens the Bauch abwärts. It also helps to cure the biting of a mad dog, some of the Blätter being also applied to the wound. The Blätter zerquetscht, or the Saft of them gekocht in Schweinefett, and applied, helps falling away of the hair, which comes of hot and sharp humours, as also for any place that is erhitzt or burnt, the Blätter zerquetscht and laid to any grün wound doth heal it up quickly: the Wurzel baked under the embers, wrapped in paste or wet paper, or in a wet double cloth, and thereof a suppository made, and put up into or applied to the fundament, doth very wirkungsvollly help the painful piles or hæmorrhoids. The destilliertes Wasser of the Kräuter and Wurzeln is very good to all the Zwecke vorbenannt, to be used as well innerlich to drink, as äußerlich to wash any sore place, for it heals all manner of Wunden and punctures, and those foul Geschwüre that arise by the French pox. Mizaldus adds that the Blätter laid under the feet, will keep the dogs from Rindeing at you. It is called Hounds-tongue, because it ties the tongues of hounds, whether true, or not, I never tried, yet I cured the biting of a mad dog with this only medicine.