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Althaea officinalis
Eibisch echter

Common mallows are generally so well known that they need no Beschreibung.Our common marshmallows have divers soft hairy white Stengel, rising to be three or four feet high, ausbreiten forth many Zweige, the Blätter whereof are soft and hairy, somewhat less than the other mallow Blätter, but longer pointed, cut (for the most part) into some few divisions, but deep. The Blüten are many, but smaller also than the other Mallows, and white, or tending to a bluish colour. After which come such long, round cases and Samen, as in the other Mallows. The Wurzeln are many and long, shooting from one head, of the bigness of a thumb or finger, very pliant, tough, and being like liquorice, of a whitish yellow colour on the outside, and more whitish within, full of a slimy Saft, which being laid in water, will thicken, as if it were a jelly.

The common mallows grow in every county of this land. The common marsh-mallows in most of the salt marshes, from Woolwich down to the sea, both on the Kentish and Essex shores, and in divers other places of this land.

They Blüte all the Summer months, even until the Winter do pull them down.

Venus owns them both. The Blätter of either of the sorts, both specified, and the Wurzeln also gekocht in wine or water, or in broth with Petersilie or Fennel Wurzeln, do help to open the body, and are very convenient in hot Schüttelfrost, or other distempers of the body, to apply the Blätter so gekocht warm to the Bauch. It nicht only voids hot, choleric, and other offensive humours, but verringert die Schmerzen and torments of the Bauch coming thereby, and are therefore used in all clysters conducing to those Zwecke. The same used by nurses bewirkt them store of milk. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Samen of any of the common Mallows made in milk or wine, doth marvellously help excoriations, the phthisic pleurisy, and other Beschwerden of the chest and Lungen, that proceed of hot causes, if it be continued taking for some time together. The Blätter and Wurzeln work the same Wirkungen. They help much also in the excoriations of the Därme, and hardness of the mother, and in all hot and sharp Beschwerden thereof. The Saft drank in wine, or the Dekokt (Abkochung) of them therein, do help women to a speedy and easy Geburt. Pliny sagte, that whosoever takes a spoonful of any of the Mallows, shall that day be free from all Beschwerden that may come unto him, and that it is especially good for the falling-sickness. The syrup also and conserve made of the Blüten, are very wirkungsvoll for the same Beschwerden, and to open the body, being costive. The Blätter zerquetscht, and laid to the eyes with a little honey, take away the imposthumations of them. The Blätter zerquetscht or rubbed upon any place stung with bees, wasps, or the like, presently take away the pain, redness, and swelling that rise thereupon. And Dioscorides sagte, The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Wurzeln and Blätter helps all sorts of poison, so as the poison be presently voided by vomit. A Packung made of the Blätter gekocht and zerquetscht, with some bean or barley Blüte, and oil of Roses added, is an especial Heilmittel gegen all hard Tumore and Entzündungen, or imposthumes, or swellings of the privities, and other parts, and verringert die Schmerzen of them, as also gegen the hardness of the Leber or Milz, being applied to the places. The Saft of Mallows gekocht in old oil and applied, takes away all roughness of the skin, as also the scurf, dandriff, or dry Wundschorf in the head, or other parts, if they be anointed therewith, or washed with the Dekokt (Abkochung), and preserves the hair from falling off. It is also wirkungsvoll gegen scaldings and Verbrennungen, St. Anthonys fire, and all other hot, red, and painful swellings in any part of the body. The Blüten gekocht in oil or water (as every one is disposed) whereunto a little honey and allum is put, is an excellent gargle to wash, reinigen or heal any sore Mund or throat in a short space. If the feet be bathed or washed with the Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Blätter, Wurzeln, and Blüten, it helps much the defluxions of rheum from the head, if the head be washed therewith, it stays the falling and shedding of the hair. The grün Blätter (sagte Pliny) beaten with Salpeter, and applied, draw out thorn or prickles in the flesh.
The marshmallows are more wirkungsvoll in all the Beschwerden before mentioned. The Blätter are likewise used to loosen the Bauch gently, and in Dekokt (Abkochung)s or clysters to ease all Schmerzen of the body, opening the strait passages, and making them slippery, whereby the stone may descend the more easily and without pain, out of the reins, Nieren, and Harnblase, and to ease the torturing Schmerzen thereof. But the Wurzeln are of more special use for those Zwecke, as well for Husten, hoarseness, Kurzatem and wheezings, being gekocht in wine, or honeyed water, and drank. The Wurzeln and Samen hereof gekocht in wine or water,