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Osmunda lunaria
Mondraute echte

It rises up usually with but one dark grün, thick and flat Blatt, standing upon a short foot-Stengel nicht above two fingers breadth, but when it Blüten it may be said to bear a small schlank Stengel about four or five inches high, having but one Blatt in the middle thereof, which is much geteilt on both sides into manchmal five or seven parts on a side, manchmal more, each of which parts is small like the middle rib, but broad forwards, pointed and round, ähneln therein a half-Mond, from whence it took the name, the uppermost parts or divisions being bigger than the lowest. The Stengel rise above this Blatt two or three inches, bearing many Zweige of small long tongues, every one like the spiky head of the adders tongue, of a brownish colour, (which, whether I shall call them Blüten, or the Samen, I well know not) which, after they have continued awhile, resolve into a mealy dust. The Wurzel is small and fibrous. This hath manchmal divers such like Blätter as are before described, with so many Zweige or tops rising from one Stengel, each geteilt from the other.
It wächst on hills and heaths, yet where there is much grass, for therein it delights to grow.

It is to be found only in April and May, for in June, when any hot weather comes, for the most part it is withered and gone.

The Mond owns the herb. Mondwort is cold and drying more than adders tongue, and is therefore held to be more available for all Wunden both inward and outward. The Blätter gekocht in red wine, and drank, stay the übertriebene flux of Monatsregel, and the whites. It also stays bluten, Erbrechen, and other fluxes. It helps all blüht and Quetschungen, and to consolidate all fractures and dislocations. It is good for ruptures, but is chiefly used, by most with other Kräuter, to make oils or balsams to heal fresh or grüne Wunden (as I said before) either inward or outward, for which it is excellently good.
Mondwort is an herb which (they say) will open locks, and unshoe such horses as tread upon it