Our common mustard hath large and broad rough Blätter, very much jagged with uneven and unorderly gashes, somewhat like turnip Blätter, but less and rougher. The Stengel rises to be more than a foot high, and manchmal two feet high, being round, rough, and Zweige an der Spitze, bearing such like Blätter thereon as grow below, but lesser, and less geteilt, and divers yellow Blüten one above another an der Spitzes, after which come small rough pods, with small, lank, flat ends, wherein is contained round yellowish Samen, sharp, hot, and biting upon the tongue. The Wurzel is small, long, and hölzern, when it bears Stengel, and perishes every year.
This wächst with us in gardens only, and other manured places.
It is an annual Pflanze,blühen in July, and the Samen is ripe in August.
It is an excellent sauce for such whose blood wants clarifying, and for weak Magens, being an herb of Mars, but naught for choleric people, though as good for such as are aged, or troubled with cold Beschwerden. Aries claims something to do with it, therefore it strengthens the heart, and resists poison. Let such whose Magens are so weak they cannot digest their meat, or appetite it, take of Mustard-Samen a dram, Cinnamon as much, and having beaten them to powder, and half as much Mastich in powder, and with gum Arabic auflösend in rose-water, make it up into troches, of which they may take one of about half a dram weight an hour or two before meals, let old men and women make much of this medicine, and they will either give me thanks, or shew manifest ingratitude. Mustard Samen hath the Vorzug of heat, discussing, ratifying, and drawing out Splitter of bones, and other things of the flesh. It is of good Wirkung to bring down Monatsregel, for the falling-sickness or lethargy, drowsy forgetful evil, to use it both innerlich and äußerlich, to rub the nostrils, forehead and temples, to warm and quicken the spirits, for by the fierce sharpness it reinigt the brain by sneezing, and drawing down rheum and other dickflüssig humours, which by their distillations upon the Lungen and chest, procure coughing, and therefore, with some, honey added thereto, doth much good therein. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Samen made in wine, and drank, fördert Harn, resists the force of poison, the malignity of mushrooms, and venom of scorpions, or other giftiges creatures, if it be taken in time, and taken before the cold fits of Schüttelfrost, alters, lessens, and cures them. The Samen taken either by itself, or with other things, either in an eßbare Medizin or drink, doth mightily stir up bodily lust, and helps the Milz and Schmerzen in the sides, and nagens in the Därme, and used as a gargle draws up the palate of the Mund, being fallen down, and also it löst auf the swellings about the throat, if it be äußerlich applied. Being chewed in the Mund it oftentimes helps the Zahnschmerzene. The outward application hereof upon the pained place of the Ischias, discusses the humours, and verringert die Schmerzen, as also the Gicht, and other Gelenk aches, and is much and often used to ease Schmerzen in the sides or loins, the shoulder, or other parts of the body, upon the plying thereof to raise Blasen, and cures the disease by drawing it to the outward parts of the body. It is also used to help the falling of the hair. The Samen zerquetscht mixed with honey, and applied, or made up with wax, takes away the marks and black and blue spots of Quetschungen, or the like, the roughness or scabbiness of the skin, as also the leprosy, and lousy evil. It helps also the crick in the neck. The destilliertes Wasser of the herb, when it is in the Blüte, is much used to drink innerlich to help in any of the Beschwerden vorbenannt, or to wash the Mund when the palate is down, and for the disease of the throat to gargle, but äußerlich also for Wundschorf, Juckreiz, or other the like infirmities, and reinigt the face from morphew, spots, freckles, and other deformities.