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NIGHTSHADE
Solanum dulcamara
Nachtschatten Bittersüßer
Saturn
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Beschreibung:
Common Nightshade hath an aufrecht, round grün, hohl Stengel, about a foot or half a yard high, bushing forth in many Zweige, whereon grow many grün Blätter, somewhat broad, and pointed am Endes, soft and full of Saft, somewhat like unto Bazil, but longer and a little unevenly eingebeult about the edges. An der Spitzes of the Stengel and Zweige come forth three or four more white Blüten made of five small pointed Blätter a-piece, standing on a Stengel together, one above another, with yellow pointels in the middle, composed of four or five yellow threads set together, which afterwards run into so many pendulous grün Beeren, of the bigness of small pease, full of grün Saft, and small whitish round flat Samen lying within it. The Wurzel is white, and a little hölzern when it hath given Blüte and Frucht, with many small Fasern at it. The whole Pflanze is of a waterish insipid taste, but the Saft within the Beeren is somewhat dickflüssig, and of a cooling and binding quality.
Plätze:
It wächst wild with us under our walls, and in rubbish, the common paths, and sides of hedges and fields, as also in our gardens here in England, without any Pflanzeing.

Zeit:
It lies down every year, and rises up again of its own sowing, but springs nicht until the latter end of April at the soonest.

Eigenschaften:
It is a cold Saturnine Pflanze. The common Nightshade is wholly used to cool hot Entzündungen either innerlich or äußerlich, being no ways dangerous to any that use it, as most of the rest of the Nightshades are, yet it must be used moderately. The destilliertes Wasser only of the whole herb is fittest and safest to be taken innerlich. The Saft also clarified and taken, being mingled with a little Essig, is good to wash the Mund and throat that is inflamed. But äußerlich the Saft of the herb or Beeren, with oil of roses and a little Essig and ceruse laboured together in a leaden mortar, is very good to anoint all hot Entzündungen in the eyes. It also doth much good for the shingles, ringWürmer, and in all running, quälen and corroding Geschwüre, applied thereunto. The Saft dropped into the ears, verringert Schmerzen thereof that arise of heat of Entzündungen. And Pliny sagte, it is good for hot swellings under the throat. Have a care you mistake nicht the deadly Nightshade for this, if you know it not, you may let them both alone, and take no harm, having other medicines sufficient in the book.