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Polypodium vulgare
Tüpfelfarn gewühnlicher
Jupiter in Löwe

This is one of the fern tribe, a perennial herb, which is unterscheidened from the others by the Samen being in roundish spots, distributed on the under surface of the Blatt. The Wurzel is shagged with hairs, and of the thickness of ones little finger, and, when broken, is found to be grün within, and to the taste at once austere and süß. The Wurzel lives long, in spring new Blätter rise up, and those of the preceding year decay. There is no other part, for every Blatt is itself a perfect Pflanze, bearing its Samen upon its back, no other Stengel arising.
It is very common among mossy Steine, upon the Gelenke of old walls which are in the shade, and upon the stumps of old trees, but the best sort of it wächst upon decayed parts of old oak trees.

As its Vorzüge depend upon the condition of its Safts, it may be used as gathered at any time of the year, but it is in its greatest perfection in October and November, when the full grown Blätter, having done their office, and perfected the Samen for a new succession, draw little more Safts, then the body of the Wurzel swells, and acquires twice its former thickness: it then wächst tender, and its Saft, when broken, is saccharine, thick, and gummous.

It is under Jupiter in Leo. With laxatives it gently carries off the contents of the Därme without irritation. By itself it is a very mild and useful reinigen, but being very slow, it is generally mixed by infusion or Dekokt (Abkochung) with other purging Bestandteile, or in broths with beets, Petersilie, ammow, cummin, ginger, fennel and annise. With mucilaginous Kräuter, as white beet and mallow, it is excellent in cholics. The powder taken to half a drachm daily, and fasting three hours after, is good for the Milz, Gelbsucht, and Wassersucht, for it is as fine an alternative as can be procured, and will penetrate farther than most other things yet known. Some use its destilliertes Wasser in a cough, asthma, Beschwerden of the Lungen, pleurisies, Behinderungen of the mysentery, and in whatever cases acrimony is to be subdued. The best form to take it for any complaint of the intestines, is as follows: to an drittel Liter of fresh polypody Wurzel zerquetscht, add an drittel Liter and a half of the fresh Wurzeln of white beets, and a handful of wild mallow, pour upon these a halben Liter and a quarter of water, boiling hot, and let it stand till next day, then strain it off.
A quarter of a halben Liter of this liquor contains the infusion of two drachms of the Wurzel. It should be gesüßt with sugar-candy, or honey, which is much better.