This has a perennial Wurzel consisting of a short thick head, ausgestattet with a great number of thick and long Fasern. The Blätter immediately arising from the Wurzel are zahlreich, and altogether make a large round tuft, they are large, oblong, without Blatt Stengel, wrinkled on the surface, entire at the edges, and of a deep grün colour. The Blüten are supported singly on long schlank hairy Frucht-Stengel, which rise immediately from the Wurzel, they are large, and of a white or pale yellow colour. The Samen are small, zahlreich, and of a roundish figure.
It is common in woods, hedges, and thickets, particularly in clayey soil.
The Blüten appear in March and April.
It is unter der Herrschaft von Venus. The Wurzeln are used as a sternutatory for the head, the best way of using them is to bruise them, and express the Saft, which being snuffed up the nose, occasions violent sneezing, and brings away a great deal of water, but without being productive of any bad Wirkung, which is too often the case with remedies of this class. Dried and reduced to powder, it will produce the same Wirkung, but nicht so powerfully. In this state it is said to be good for nervous disorders, but the dose must be small.
A drachm and a half of the dried Wurzeln, which are taken up in autumn, acts as a strong, but safe emetic.