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QUINCE TREE
Pyrus cydonia
Quitte
Saturn
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Beschreibung:
The ordinary quince tree wächst often to the height and bigness of a reasonable apple tree, but more usually lower, and crooked, with a rough Rinde, ausbreiten arms, and Zweige far abroad. The Blätter are somewhat like those of the apple tree, but thicker, broader, and full of veins, and whiter on the under side, nicht eingebeult at all about the edges. The Blüten are large and white, manchmal dashed over with a blush. The Frucht that follows is yellow, being near ripe, and covered with a white freeze, or cotton, thick set on the younger, and growing less as they grow to be thorough ripe, bunched out oftentimes in some places, some being like an apple, and some a pear, of a strong heady Duft, and nicht durable to keep, and is sour, harsh, and of an unpleasant taste to eat fresh, but being erhitzt, gebraten, baked, or aufbewahrte, becomes more pleasant.
Plätze:
It best likes to grow near ponds and water sides, and is frequent through this land: and Blüten nicht until the Blätter be come forth. The Frucht is ripe in September or October.

Eigenschaften:
Old Saturn owns the Tree. Quinces when they are grün, help all sorts of fluxes in men or women, and choleric lasks, casting, and whatever needs astriction, more than any way prepared by fire, yet the syrup of the Saft, or the conserve, are much conducible, much of the binding quality being consumed by the fire, if a little Essig be added, it stirs up the languishing appetite, and the Magen given to casting, some spices being added, comforts and strengthens the decaying and schwaching spirits, and helps the Leber oppressed, that it cannot perfect the Verdauung, or corrects choler and phlegm. If you would have them purging, put honey to them instead of sugar, and if more laxative, for choler, Rhubarb, for phlegm, Turbith, for watery humours, Scammony, but if more forcible to bind, use the unripe Quinces, with roses and acacia, hypocistis, and some torrified rhubarb. To take the rohen Saft of Quinces, is held a Schutzmittel gegen the force of deadly poison, for it hat been found most certainly true, that the very smell of a Quince hath taken away all the strength of the poison of white Hellebore. If there be need of any äußerlich binding and cooling of hot fluxes, the oil of Quinces, or other medicines that may be made thereof, are very available to anoint the Bauch or other parts therewith, it likewise strengthens the Magen and Bauch, and the Sehnen that are loosened by sharp humours falling on them, and restrains übertriebene sweatings. The muscilage taken from the Samen of Quinces, and gekocht in a little water, is very good to cool the heat and heal the sore Brust of women. The same, with a little sugar, is good to lenify the harshness and hoarseness of the throat, and roughness of the tongue. The cotton or down of Quinces gekocht and applied to plague Wunden, heals them up: and laid as a plaister, made up with wax, it brings hair to them that are bald, and keeps it from falling, if it be ready to shed.