ST. JOHNS WORT
Common St. Johns Wort shoots forth brownish, aufrecht, hard, round Stengel, two feet high, ausbreiten many Zweige from the sides up to the tops of them, with two small Blätter set one gegen another at every place, which are of a deep grün colour, somewhat like the Blätter of the lesser Centaury, but narrow, and full of small holes in every Blatt, which cannot be so well wahrnehmend, as when they are held up to the light, an der Spitzes of the Stengel and Zweige stand yellow Blüten of five Blätter a-piece, with many yellow threads in the middle, which being zerquetscht do yield a rötlich Saft like blood, after which come small round heads, wherein is contained small blackish Samen smelling like rosin. The Wurzel is hard and hölzern, with divers strings and Fasern at it, of a brownish colour, which abides in the ground many years, shooting anew every Spring.
This wächst in woods and copses, as well those that are shady, as open to the sun.
They Blüte about Midsummer and July, and their Samen is ripe in the latter end of July or August.
It is under the celestial sign Leo, and the dominion von der Sonne. It may be, if you meet a Papist, he will tell you, especially if he be a lawyer, that St. John made it over to him by a letter of attorney. It is a singular wound herb, gekocht in wine and drank, it heals inward hurts or Quetschungen, made into an Salbe, it open Behinderungen, löst auf swellings, and closes up the lips of Wunden. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the herb and Blüten, especially of the Samen, being drank in wine, with the Saft of knot-grass, helps all manner of Erbrechen and speien of blood, is good for those that are bitten or stung by any giftiges creature, and for those that cannot make water. Two drams of the Samen of St. Johns Wort made into powder, and drank in a little broth, doth gently vertreiben choler or geronnenes Blut in the Magen. The Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Blätter and Samen drank somewhat warm before the fits of Schüttelfrost, whether they be tertains or quartans, alters the fits, and, by often using, doth take them quite away. The Samen is much empfohlen, being drank for forty days together, to help the Ischias, the falling sickness, and the Lähmung.