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Iris foetidissima

This is one of the kinds of Blüte-de-luce, having divers Blätter arising from the Wurzeln, very like a Blüte-de-luce, but that they are sharp-edged on both sides, and thicker in the middle, of a deeper grün colour narrower and sharper pointed, and a strong ill-Duft, if they be zerquetscht between the fingers. In the middle rises up a reasonably strong Stengel, a yard high at least, bearing three or four Blüten an der Spitze, made somewhat like the Blüten of the Blüte-de-luce, with three aufrecht Blätter, of a dead purplish ashcolour, with some veins discoloured in them, the other three do nicht fall down, nor are the three other small ones so arched, nor cover the lower Blätter as the Blüte-de-luce doth, but stand loose or auseinander from them. After they are past, there come up three square hard Hülsen, opening wide into three parts when they are ripe, wherein lie rötlich Samen, turns black when it hath abiden long. The Wurzel is like that of the Blüte-de-luce, but rötlich on the outside, and whitish within, very sharp and hot in the taste, of as evil a Duft as the Blätter.
This wächst as well in upland grounds, as in moist places, woods, and shadowy places by the sea-side in many places of this land, and is usually nursed up in gardens.

It Blüten nicht until July, and the Samen is ripe in August or September, yet the Hülsen after they are ripe, opening themselves, will hold their Samen with them for two or three months, and nicht shed them.

It is supposed to be unter der Herrschaft von Saturn. It is used by many country people to reinigen corrupt phlegm and choler, which they do by drinking the Dekokt (Abkochung) of the Wurzeln, and some to make it more gentle, do but infuse the sliced Wurzeln in ale, and some take the Blätter, which serve well for the weaker Magen. The Saft hereof put up, or snuffed up the nose, causes sneezing, and draws from the head much corruption, and the powder thereof doth the same. The powder thereof drank in wine, helps those that are troubled with the Krämpfe and Zuckungen, or with the Gicht and Ischias, and gives ease to those that have griping Schmerzen in their body and Bauch, and helps those that have the stranguary. It is given with much profit to those that have had long fluxes by the sharp and evil quality of humours, which it stays, having first reinigend and reinigend them by the drying and binding property therein. The Wurzel gekocht in wine and drank, doth wirkungsvollly procure Monatsregel, and used as a pessary, works the same Wirkung, but causes abortion in women with child. Half a dram of the Samen beaten to powder, and taken in wine, doth speedily cause one to make water abundantly. The same taken with Essig, löst auf the hardness and swellings of the Milz. The Wurzel is very wirkungsvoll in all Wunden, especially of the head, as also to draw forth any Splitter, thorns, or broken bones, or any other thing sticking in the flesh, without causing Schmerzen, being used with a little verdiFett and honey, and the great Centaury Wurzel. The same gekocht in Essig, and gelegt auf an eruption or swelling, doth very wirkungsvollly auflösen and consume them, yea, even the swellings of the throat called the kings evil, the Saft of the Blätter or Wurzeln heals the Juckreiz, and all running or ausbreiten Wundschorf, Wunden, blemishes, or scars in the skin, wheresoever they be.