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Polygonum hydropiper

Our common water pepper sends forth somewhat long and broad Blätter, of a light bluish grün colour, finely eingebeult about the edges, and pointed am Endes, standing upon round hard Stengel, three or four feet high, ausbreiten many Zweige on all sides, and having many small white Blüten an der Spitzes of them, after which follow small Samen in small heads. The Wurzel is schlank, running much under ground, and shooting up again in many places, and both Blätter and Wurzeln are very hot and sharp of taste, like pepper, for which cause it took the Namen:
It wächst naturally in many places of this land, as at Clare in Essex, also near unto Exeter in Devonshire, upon Rochester common in Kent, in Lancashire, and divers other places, but usually kept in gardens.

It Blüten in the end of June, and in July.

Here is another martial herb for you, make much of it. Pliny and Paulus ægineta say, that Pepperwort is very successful for the Ischias, or any other Gicht or pain in the Gelenke, or any other unverbesserlicher Kummer. The Blätter hereof to be zerquetscht, and mixed with old Schweinefett, and applied to the place, and to continue thereon four hours in men, and two hours in women, the place being afterwards bathed mit Wein and oil mixed together, and then wrapped up with wool or skins, after they have sweat a little. It also amends the deformities or discolourings of the skin, and helps to take away marks, scars, and Wundschorf, or the foul marks of burning with fire or iron. The Saft hereof is by some used to be given in ale to drink, to women with child, to procure them a speedy Geburt in travail.