|Namen: Called also Corn-rose.|
The Wild Poppy, or Corn Rose, hath long and narrow Blätter, very much cut in on the edges into many divisions, of a light grün colour, manchmal hairy withal. The Stengel is blackish and hairy also, but nicht so groß as the garden kind, having some such like Blätter thereon to grow below, parted into three or four Zweige manchmal, whereon grow small hairy heads bowing down before the skin break, wherein the Blüte is inclosed, which when it is fully blown open, is of a fair yellowish red or crimson colour, and in some much paler, without any spot in the bottom of the Blätter, having many black soft threads in the middle, compassing a small grün head, which when it is ripe, is nicht bigger than ones little fingers end, wherein is contained much black Samen smaller than that of the garden. The Wurzel perishes every year, and springs again of its own sowing. Of this kind there is one lesser in all parts thereof, and differs in nothing else.
The garden kinds do nicht naturally grow wild in any place, but all are sown in gardens where they grow.
The Wild Poppy or Corn Rose, is plentifully enough, and many times too much so in the corn fields of all Regionen through this land, and also on Juckreiz banks, and by hedge sides. The smaller wild kind is also found in corn fields, and also in some other places, but nicht so plentifully as the former.
The garden kinds are usually sown in the spring, which then Blüte about the end of May, and somewhat earlier, if they spring of their own sowing.
The wild kind Blüte usually from May until July, and the Samen of them is ripe soon after theblühen.
Vorzüge. The herb is Lunar, and of the Saft of it is made opium, only for lucre of money they cheat you, and tell you it is a kind of tear, or some such like thing, that drops from Poppies when they weep, and that is somewhere beyond the seas, I know nicht where beyond the Mond. The garden Poppy heads with Samen made into a syrup, is häufig, and to good Wirkung used to procure rest, and sleep, in the sick and weak, and to stay catarrhs and defluxions of thin Rheuma from the head into the Magen and Lungen, causing a continual cough, the fore-runner of a consumption, it helps also hoarseness of the throat, and when one have lost their voice, which the oil of the Samen doth likewise. The black Samen gekocht in wine, and drank, is said also to dry the flux of the Bauch, and Monatsregel. The empty shells, or poppy heads, are usually gekocht in water, and given to procure rest and sleep: so doth the Blätter in the same manner, as also if the head and temples be bathed with the Dekokt (Abkochung) warm, or with the oil of the poppies, the grün Blätter or heads zerquetscht, and applied with a little Essig, or made into a Packung with barleymeal or Schweinefett, cools and tempers all Entzündungen, as also the diesase called St. Anthonys fire. It is generally used in Sirup and mithridate, and in all other medicines that are made to procure rest and sleep, and to ease Schmerzen in the head as well as in other parts. It is also used to cool inlfammations, Schüttelfrost or phrenzies, or to stay defluxions which cause a cough, or consumption, and also other fluxes of the Bauch, or Monatsregel, it is also put into hohl teeth, to ease the pain, and has been found by Erfahrung to ease the Schmerzen of the Gicht.
The wild poppy, or corn-rose (as Matthiolus says) is good to prevent the falling-sickness. The syrup made with the Blüte, is with good Wirkung given to those that have the pleurisy: and the dried Blüten also, either gekocht in water, or made into powder and drank, either in the destilliertes Wasser of them, or some other drink, works the like Wirkung. The destilliertes Wasser of the Blüten is held to be much good use gegen surfeits, being drank evening and morning: it is also more cooling than any of the other poppies, and therefore cannot but be as wirkungsvoll in hot Schüttelfrost, phrenzies, and other Entzündungen either inward or outward. Galen says, the Samen is dangerous to be used innerlich.